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The 108 Names of Patanjali (the Fore Father of All Yoga)

BKS Iyengar

Lately I have been reading a lot about the “Lion of Pune”, or the “Eyebrows of Yoga”, namely B.K.S. Iyengar.

Patanjali in the Cave Temple

Recently, I found out that in 2004 a temple dedicated to Patanjali (the fore-father of yoga) was inaugurated by BKS in the town of his birh-place, Bellur, South India.

Even though the article was written before the opening of the temple, it was already portrayed to be the future place of Pilgrim for all of his students.


Bellur is soon to become a place of pilgrimage for all Iyengar Yoga students, because the place is of immense importance to our beloved Guruji. Its tranquil and serene environment, enchanted with the grace of Lord Patanjali and his divine philosophy of Yoga, provides one of the most perfect spiritual settings for Yoga Sadhana (ardent practice of Yoga).”

Perhaps the most interesting thing is that in this temple they are to praise and sing the 108 names of Patanjali.  I was going to write just a few and give you a link, but the more I got into looking at them the more interesting it got.

It made me happy to see the emphasis on the understanding of words!  Patanjali was not just a master of grammar, but, and this is my interpretation, he knew the value and power of words. I am with him there.

As you will see below, rather than names they are praises, and as we praise we are informed of what following him can bestow on us. Although sometimes repetitive at times I found the prayer inspiring.  Wonder if there is a recording somewhere.

I decided to put them all here at the risk of having a very long blogpost because I think them worth-it.



Om s ́r ̄ımatpatan ̃jalimaha ̄munaye namah. | 1 || 1. Salutations to the glorious, great sage Patan ̃jali.
Om yogivarya ̄ya namah. | 2 || 2. Salutations to the Best of yog ̄ıs.
Om yogopades ́aka ̄ya namah. | 3 || 3. Salutations to the Teacher of yoga.
Om yogapadavya ̄khya ̄tre namah. | 4 || 4. Salutations to the Expounder of the state of yoga.
Om v.rttibhedabodhaka ̄ya namah. | 5 || 5. Salutations to the Teacher of the different modes (of the mind).
Om  ̄ıs ́varapran. ihitacitta ̄ya namah. | 6 || 6. Salutations to the One whose mind is fixed upon  ̄Is ́vara.
Om pran. avopa ̄saka ̄ya namah. | 7 || 7. Salutations to the One who worships pran. ava (Om).
Om pran. avatattvadars ́ine namah. | 8 || 8. Salutations to the One who shows the true nature of pran. ava (Om).
Om japavidha ̄yine namah. | 9 || 9. Salutations to the One who performs japa.
Om yogasa ̄dhanopades ́aka ̄ya namah. | 10 || 10. Salutations to the Teacher of the spiritual practices of yoga.
Om s ́abdatattvapraka ̄s ́aka ̄ya namah. | 11 || 11. Salutations to the One who illuminates the true nature of words.
Om s ́abdavidya ̄phalavaktre namah. | 12 || 12. Salutations to the Expounder of the fruit of the knowledge of words (grammar).
Om va ̄gyogavide namah. | 13 || 13. Salutations to the One who knows the yoga of speech.
Om a ̄yurvidya ̄des ́ika ̄ya namah. | 21 || 21. Salutations to the Teacher of medical science.
Om kles ́apan ̃cakavidu ̄ra ̄ya namah. | 22 || 22. Salutations to One who is free from the five afflictions.
Om avidya ̄padas ́odhaka ̄ya namah. | 23 || 23. Salutations to the One who purifies (removes) the state of ignorance.
Om s ́rutyartha ̄nugra ̄haka ̄ya namah. | 14 || 14. Salutations to One who furthers (our understanding) of the meaning of the Vedic scriptures.
Om su ̄trava ̄kya ̄rthasetave namah. | 15 || 15. Salutations to the Bridge to the meaning of the sentences of the su ̄tras.
Om dharmaniyama ̄vagamaka ̄ya namah. | 16 || 16. Salutations to the One who teaches the restrictions of dharma.
Om s ́abdopalabdhidars ́aka ̄ya namah. | 17 || 17. Salutations to the One who shows how to understand words.
Om d.rs.t.a ̄ntopakalpaka ̄ya namah. | 18 || 18. Salutations to the One who makes use of examples.
Om nya ̄yakadamba ̄khya ̄tre namah. | 19 || 19. Salutations to the One who describes a multitude of ways.
Om su ̄tra ̄ks.aramarmavide namah. | 20 || 20. Salutations to the One who knows the hidden meaning of the letters of the sutras.
Om karmaphalaniv.rttyai namah. | 24 || 24. Salutations to the One who is free from the fruit of action.
Om heyopa ̄deyajn ̃a ̄tre namah. | 25 || 25. Salutations to the One who knows what is to be avoided and what is to be accepted.
Om yoga ̄n ̇gopades ́aka ̄ya namah. | 26 || 26. Salutations to the Teacher of the limbs of yoga.
Om yoga ̄n ̇gaphalavaktre namah. | 27 || 27. Salutations to the Expounder of the fruits of the limbs of yoga.
Om yogasa ̄dhanasandes ́a ̄ya namah. | 28 || 28. Salutations to the One who gives directions for the spiritual practices of yoga.
Om yogapatha ̄nuv.rtta ̄ya namah. | 29 || 29. Salutations to the One who follows the path of yoga.
Om yog ̄ıs ́vara ̄ya namah. | 30 || 30. Salutations to the Lord of yog ̄ıs.
Om va ̄gdos.avide namah. | 31 || 31. Salutations to the One who knows the deficiencies of speech.
Om pa ̄n. inya ̄hitabha ̄va ̄ya namah. | 32 || 32. Salutations to the One whose affection is placed in Pa ̄n.ini.
Om lokabha ̄s.an.avidus.e namah. | 33|| 33. Salutations to the One who knows worldly (laukika as opposed to vaidika) speech.
Om s ́rutyartha ̄bhidha ̄tre namah. | 34 || 34. Salutations to the Expounder of the meaning of the Vedic scriptures.
Om s ́abdalaks.an.avaktre namah. | 35|| 35. Salutations to the Expounder of the characteristics of words.
Om gurula ̄ghavavide namah. | 36 || 36. Salutations to the One who knows about heavy and light (syllables).
Om su ̄travivecaka ̄ya namah. | 38 || 38. Salutations to the One who investigates the su ̄tras.
Om s ́abdagranthopaj ̄ıvya ̄ya namah. | 39 || 39. Salutations to the One whose profession is the binding of words (grammar).
Om aks.ara ̄nuvya ̄khya ̄tre namah. | 40 || 40. Salutations to the Expounder of letters.
Om su ̄tra ̄narthakyanira ̄kartre namah. | 41 || 41. Salutations to the One who refutes the uselessness of the su ̄tras.
Om vis ́es.apratipattihetudars ́ine namah. | 42 || 42. Salutations to the One who shows the reason for special attainments.
Om padasambandhajn ̃a ̄ya namah. | 43 || 43. Salutations to the One who knows how to connect words together.
Om bahukalpapradars ́aka ̄ya namah. | 44 || 44. Salutations to the One who shows many sides of an argument.
Om sarvalaks.ya ̄bhijn ̃a ̄ya namah. | 45 || 45. Salutations to the One who know all characterized objects.
Om va ̄kya ̄s ́ayavarn. anapara ̄ya namah. | 46 || 46. Salutations to the One who is best at coloring (describing) the meaning of sentences.
Om sahasrajihva ̄ya namah. | 47 || 47. Salutations to the One with a thousand tongues.
Om a ̄dis ́es.a ̄vata ̄ra ̄ya namah. | 48 || 48.SalutationstotheIncarnationofA ̄dis ́es.a.
Om vica ̄radha ̄ra ̄dhara ̄ya namah. | 49 || 49. Salutations to the One who sustains a torrent of investigation.
Om s ́abda ̄rthabheda ̄bhedadars ́ine namah. | 50 || 50. Salutations to the One who shows that words and objects are separate and the same.
Om sama ̄dhibhedabh.rte namah. | 51 || 51. Salutations to the One who experiences the different kinds of sama ̄dhi.
Om pras ́a ̄ntasiddhida ̄yaka ̄ya namah. | 52 || 52. Salutations to the Bestower of tranquility and perfection.
Om cittaika ̄grata ̄parin. a ̄mavaktre namah. | 53 || 53. Salutations to the Expounder of the development of one pointedness of mind.
Om adhya ̄sabhedaniru ̄paka ̄ya namah. | 54 || 54. Salutations to the Observer of the different kinds of adhya ̄sa (superimposition, mistaking one
thing for another).
Om yogabhedopab.rm. haka ̄ya namah. | 55 || 55. Salutations to the Promoter of the different kinds of yoga.
Omyogavibhu ̄tayenamah.|56|| 56. Salutations to the One in whom yoga has manifested.
Om yogasopa ̄nakalpaka ̄ya namah. | 57 || 57. Salutations to the One who standardized the steps of yoga.
Om an. ima ̄disiddhida ̄ya namah. | 58 || 58. Salutations to the Bestower of the powers of becoming minute, etc.
Om kaivalyapathadars ́ine namah. | 59 || 59. Salutations to the One who shows the path to liberation.
Om vaira ̄gyahetubodhaka ̄ya namah. | 60 || 60. Salutations to the Teacher of the cause of non-attachment.
Om munis ́res.t.ha ̄ya namah. | 61 || 61. Salutations to the Best of sages.
Om munivandita ̄ya namah. | 62 || 62. Salutations to the One who is praised by sages.
Om dos.atraya ̄pahartre namah. | 63 || 63. Salutations to the Remover of the three kinds of impurity (of mind, speech, and body).
Om gonard ̄ıya ̄ya namah. | 64 || 64. Salutations to the Native of Gonarda.
Om gon. ika ̄putra ̄ya namah. | 65 || 65. Salutations to the Son of Gon.ika ̄.
Omyogasu ̄trak.rtenamah.|66|| 66. Salutations to the One who made the Yoga Su ̄tras.
Om maha ̄bha ̄s.yanirma ̄tre namah. | 67 || 67. Salutations to the One who created the Maha ̄bha ̄s.ya (“Great Commentary” on the As.t.a ̄dhya ̄y ̄ı of Pa ̄n.ini).
Om vaidyas ́a ̄strapravartaka ̄ya namah. | 68 || 68. Salutations to the Author of the scripture of medical science.
Om vya ̄khya ̄nipun. a ̄ya namah. | 69 || 69. Salutations to the One who is skilled in explanation.
Om yogigamya ̄ya namah. | 70 || 70. Salutations to the One who is accessible to yog ̄ıs.
Om akhan. d. a ̄rthavide namah. | 71 || 71. Salutations to the One who knows the entire meaning.
Om kriya ̄svaru ̄pabodhaka ̄ya namah. | 72 || 72. Salutations to the Teacher of the true nature of action.
Om sa ̄m. khyatattvavide namah. | 73 || 73. Salutations to the One who knows the principles of Sa ̄m. khya philosophy.
Om ka ̄lavibha ̄gadars ́aka ̄ya namah. | 74 || 74. Salutations to the One who shows the divisions of time.
Om su ̄ks.maka ̄lavedine namah. | 75 || 75. Salutations to the Knower of subtle (measures of) time.
Om ka ̄rakapadavya ̄khya ̄tre namah. | 76 || 76. Salutations to the Expounder of ka ̄raka (grammatical classification of agent, object, etc.)
Om dravyapadanirva ̄caka ̄ya namah. | 77 || 77. Salutations to the One who explains dravya (aggregate of properties, substance) words.
Om sphot.abheda ̄bhidha ̄yine namah. | 78 || 78. Salutations to the One who explains the distinctions of sphot.a (eternal, unchanging quality of sound).
Om s ́abdagun. avaktre namah. | 79 || 79. Salutations to the Expounder of the qualities of words.
Om dhvanibhedadars ́aka ̄ya namah. | 80 || 80. Salutations to the One who shows the different kinds of sounds.
Om dhya ̄namagna ̄ya namah. | 86 || 86. Salutations to the One who is immersed in meditation.
Om prasannacitta ̄ya namah. | 87 || 87. Salutations to the One with a tranquil mind.
Om prasannavadana ̄ya namah. | 88 || 88. Salutations to the One with a tranquil face.
Om prasannavapus.e namah. | 89 || 89. Salutations to the One with a tranquil form.
Om pu ̄ta ̄ntah.karan.a ̄ya namah. | 90|| 90. Salutations to the One with a pure heart.
Om kun. idars ́ana ̄s ́rita ̄ya namah. | 81 || 81. Salutations to the One who makes use of the observations of Kun. 
Om vidhinipa ̄ta ̄rthavaktre namah. | 82 || 82. Salutations to the Expounder of the meaning of rules and exceptions.
Om su ̄ks.mavica ̄ras ́ ̄ıla ̄ya namah. | 83 || 83. Salutations to the One who practices subtle investigation.
Om lokava ̄kyavis ́a ̄rada ̄ya namah. | 84 || 84. Salutations to the One who is skilled in worldly (laukika as opposed to vaidika) speech.
Om lokavandita ̄ya namah. | 85 || 85. Salutations to the One who is praised by the world.
Om kaivalyadars ́ine namah. | 91 || 91. Salutations to the One who has found liberation.
Om siddhibhedadars ́ine namah. | 92 || 92. Salutations to the One who shows the different kinds of siddhis.
Om dhya ̄nasvaru ̄pa ̄bhidha ̄yaka ̄ya namah. | 93 || 93. Salutations to the Expounder of the true nature of meditation.
Om cittasan ̇karavidu ̄ra ̄ya namah. | 94 || 94. Salutations to the One who is free of confusion of mind.
Om cittaprasa ̄danadars ́aka ̄ya namah. | 95 || 95. Salutations to the One who shows how to calm the mind.
Om yogapat.ala ̄bhidha ̄tre namah. | 96 || 96. Salutations to the Expounder of the veil of yoga.
Om kles ́akarmanivartaka ̄ya namah. | 97 || 97. Salutations to the One who removes afflictions and (the impressions of) actions.
Om svaru ̄pasthita ̄ya namah. | 98 || 98. Salutations to the One who is established in his own true nature.
Om paramaka ̄run. ika ̄ya namah. | 99 || 99. Salutations to the supremely compassionate One.
Om vivekakhya ̄taye namah. | 100 || 100. Salutations to One with knowledge of discrimination.
Om mahars.aye namah. | 101 || 101. Salutations to the Great R. s.i.
Om maha ̄yogine namah. | 102 || 102. Salutations to the Great Yog ̄ı.
Om moks.apathadars ́aka ̄ya namah. | 103 || 103. Salutations to the One who shows the path to liberation.
Om mumuks.ujanavandita ̄ya namah. | 104 || 104. Salutations to the One who is praised by people who desire liberation.
Om amoghaphalada ̄tre namah. | 105 || 105. Salutations to the Bestower of unfailing fruit.
Om natajanavatsala ̄ya namah. | 106 || 106. Salutations to the One who is kind to the people who are bowed.
Om trikaran. as ́uddhida ̄ya namah. | 107 || 107. Salutations to the Bestower of purity in the three actions (thought, word, and deed).
Om maha ̄yog ̄ıs ́vares ́vara ̄ya namah. | 108 || 108. Salutations to the great, supreme Lord of yog ̄ıs.


Article via this site.  Patanjali 108 chants via this site.

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2 Responses to The 108 Names of Patanjali (the Fore Father of All Yoga)

  1. Chris March 20, 2011 at 2:15 pm #

    Thank you for this post. It is really interesting to see all of Patanjali's names.

  2. Claudia March 20, 2011 at 4:54 pm #

    You are welcome Chris, I was also surprised by it, and how they are mostly oblations or gestures of gratitude or praises rather than names per say, which is what I was expecting. Every day I learn something new… Appreciate your comment!